Romans 9-11 What about us?
I used to think that Romans 9-11 didn't really fit with the rest of Romans. It seemed like some kind of parenthese, but now I deeply believe that it is an integral part of the whole message. It is logically flows out from Romans 8:28-38. In the last part of Romans 8 Paul talks about how everything works for our good and that nothing can separate us from God's love. Thinking people of Paul's day might well respond, "Oh yeah, what about the Jews? Didn't God make covenants and promises to them? Look what has happened to them -- all of a sudden they are no long the chosen people. They've gone from hero to hack, from champ to chump. How can I know that God will eternally love me? The experience of the Jews doesn't give me much confidence."
These are logical, necessary questions and Paul answers them in chapters 9-11. He says that, first of all, the Jews might not have as iron-clad a claim to be "the chosen people" as you think since not all of Abraham's kin are automatically IN. Secondly, faith in God is a mark of the chosen. Thirdly God's sovereign plan is bigger than you can imagine and he has chosen many people for many different roles. He not only chose the Jews, but he also chose the Gentiles. His choice even includes choose people to be his enemies. God's choice does NOT abrograte human responsibility. We still need to exercise faith!